Located within the district of Kandy and Matale in central Sri Lanka. This beautiful 30,000 hectare mountain range derives its name from its resemblance to a set of knuckles on a clenched fist. Its lofty cloudy mountain peaks, crystal –clear and perennial water sources, misty lush forests, exquisite fauna and flora all contribute to its sustained enchantment.
‘Knuckles’ comprises five mountain peaks and a number of smaller ones, with its highest point reaching around 6,000 feet above sea-level and spreads from the West to the South-East. Its five main peaks are called Kirigalpottha (1,642m high), Gombaniya (1,900m high), Knuckles (1,852m high), Dotulugala (1,564m high), and Koboneelagala (1,544m high). It is separated from the Central Hills by the Mahaweli Valley to the West.
Its expansive captivating misty mountains, striking valleys, primeval rock formations, tea plantations, lush, dense forests, crystal clear streams, terraced rice paddies, amazing flora and fauna and traditional friendly villages takes you on an almost mystical journey never to be forgotten.
The Knuckles range encompasses low-land semi-evergreen, to montane forest cover which have a rich vegetation ranging from lowland semi-evergreen forests to montane forests. This profusely rich and diverse vegetation harbors a diverse structure of flora and fauna extraordinarily unique to Sri Lanka.
Going back to ancient times, it was referred to as ‘Giri Divaina’ and ‘Malaya Rata’ while ancient archeological evidence shows that early inhabitant Yakkha-settlements existed in the area.
Boasting of an interesting history that spans many millennia, this mountain range is a bounty of cultural and natural heritage. One if its remarkable features is that most of Sri Lanka’s climatic conditions could be found within its peaks and could be experienced within a matter of a couple of hours through its beautiful rolling valleys.
This diverse climatic setting has an average rainfall of 3,000 to 5,000ml, temperatures of 5.5° to 35° Celsius and an average humidity range of 57% to 90% could be experienced here.
Sri Lanka’s major rivers such as the Mahaweli Ganga, Hulu Ganga and the Heen Ganga are all fed from the Knuckles Mountain Range which also boasts an exotic collection of waterfalls and smaller rivers that also feed the famous Irrigation wonder the Parakrama Samudraya or Parakrama Tank which was built in 1200.
When visiting Sri Lanka, one of the most beautiful experiences is in visiting this beautiful exciting range of mountains. Experiencing its beauty, climate and scenic wonders is something not to be missed.