Kumana spans some 18,148 hectares, joining the Yala National park on the west and lies on the southeast coast of the eastern province. It is close to the famous Arugam Bay and easily accessible from the Wellawaya-Pottuvil road. The park is known for its rock caves dating back to the 1st century BC, its sprawling water bodies and mangroves, ideally suited for nesting sites for many species of birds that include the heron, stork and pelicans as well as numerous other water birds. Its famous 200 hectare mangrove swamp, rolling plains and lagoons along the coat-line with large areas of thick lush forest is an ideal bird watching destination.
Some of the beautiful bird species found at Kumana are; The Black-winged Stilt, Common Coot, Common Sandpiper, Common Red shank, Garganey, Greenshank, Green Sandpipers, Grey Heron, Lesser Whistling Teal, Open bill, Jungle Owlet, Purple Coot, Purple Heron, Pheasant-tailed Jacana, Painted Stork, Pintail, Spot-billed Pelican, White-necked Stork, Yellow-Wattled Lapwing, and many more.
Kumana could be reached from Colombo along a picturesque, green-landscaped ride via the gem city of Ratnapura, Pelmadulla, Godakawela, Thimbolketiya, Udawalawa, Tanamalwila, along the beautiful Wellawaya – Monaragala road, up to Pottuvil, Panama and Skanda where the Park Office is located.