The Sigiriya Sanctuary spans some 5,099 hectares of land incorporating forests and various water bodies. An important part of the cultural triangle of Sri Lanka that dates historically 7,000 years ago, Sigiriya is a UNESCO declared historical site holding some of the most famous ancient historical architectural monuments found in Sri Lanka. Its skillfully crafted water-gardens, terrace-gardens, Boulder-gardens buildings, and irrigation masterpieces make it a most interesting visit.
The interesting wildlife found near and around the Sigiriya Rock is primarily because it borders the beautiful Minneriya National Park, bringing in some elephant and sambhur. The vegetation comprising typically dry evergreen, shrub forests makes it home to some exquisite species of birds that can be observed here. Some of these species are;
The Black-capped Bulbul, Brown-capped Babbler, Brown Flycatcher, Ceylon Grey Hornbill, Ceylon Green Pigeon, Ceylon Jungle Fowl, Crested Serpent Eagle, Crested Hawk Eagle, Green Imperial Pigeon, Emerald Dove, Forest Eagle Owl, Indian Blue Chat, Layard’s Flycatcher, Little Scops Owl, Orange-breasted Pigeon, Orange-headed Ground Thrush, Indian Night-Jar, Long-tailed Night-Jar, Orange Minivet, Open bill, Malabar Pied Hornbill, Blue-faced Malkoha, Shaheen Falcon, Small Minivet, Tickell’s Blue Flycatcher, White-Rumped Shama, and many more.