Located in the Dry Zone, the park is mainly made up of grasslands and thorny scrubs. With altitudes ranging from 100 meters on the plains to about 373 meters at the crescent of Ulgala, the highest point within the park, this 30,821 hectare park opens at 6 a.m. where the best time for elephant sighting, is early morning and late evening.
This park has a rich and diverse bionetwork mostly made up of forests bordering the river, interspaced with broad grasslands, scrub-land and thorny scrubs. This beautiful Park is adjacent to the great Udawalawe Reservoir. Among the main attractions here are Large herds of Elephants, Spotted Deer, Sambhur, Barking deer and Langur, Wild Boar, Crocodiles, Water Buffalo, Beautiful Azure-colored Peacocks and many migratory birds can also be seen here, some of which are;
The Alpine Swift, Ashy Prinia, Black-Winged Kite, Bare Busted Quail, Brown-capped Babbler, Black-capped Bulbul, Black-fronted Babbler, Blue-faced Malkoha, Brown Fish Owl, Barn Owl, Blyth’s Pipit, Brown Wood Owl, Ceylon Grey Hornbill, Crested Serpent Eagle, Ceylon Jungle Fowl, Common Kingfisher, Common Lora, Crested Hawk Eagle, Crested Honey Buzzard, Large Prinia, Franklins Prinia, Lesser Adjutant Stork, and the Marshall’s Lora.
Some of the others are; The Forest Eagle Owl, Grey-headed Fish Eagle, Hoopoe, Pied Flycatcher Shrike, Indian Pea Fowl, Great Stone Plover, House Swift, Open bill, Orange-headed Ground Thrush, Painted Stork, Lesser Sand Plover, Little Scops Owl, Stork-billed Kingfisher, White-browed Prinia, White-throated Babbler, White-necked Stork, White-bellied Sea Eagle, White-Rumped Shama, Yellow-eyed Babbler, Indian Pitta, Spoonbill, Rosy Starling, the Velvet-fronted Nuthatch and numerous other beauties.