This beautiful 42,087 hectare Sanctuary is located between the Kandyan Mountains and the Knuckles mountain range is easily accessed from the historic city of Kandy. The main reason for the existence of this Sanctuary is to provide fortification to the three main hydro-electric reservoirs of the country which are; the Victoria reservoir, the Randenigala reservoir and the Rantambe Sanctuary. In addition to over 100 species of birds, elephants, Leopard, Mouse Deer, Spotted Deer, Sambhur, Barking Deer, Wild Boar, Porcupine, Mongoose and Torque Monkey are all recorded sightings here.
This is the catchment area for the above three reservoirs that were built under the accelerated Mahaweli development scheme. The beauty of forested hills and lush valleys graced by the large reservoirs and rivers in the area make it most suitable for many species of forest birds.
Some of the species that can be seen here are the Ceylon Jungle Fowl, Ceylon Grey Hornbill, Ceylon Swallow, Brown Fish Owl, House Swift, Thick-billed Flowerpecker, Black-headed Cuckoo Shrike, Large Cuckoo Shrike, Malabar Pied Hornbill, Orange Minivet, Indian Pitta, Forest Eagle Owl, Black Eagle, Rufous-bellied Hawk Eagle, Large Billed Warbler, Crested Serpent, Black-winged Kite, Crested Honey Buzzard, Rufus Woodpecker, Green Leaf-Billed Warblers, Crested Hawk Eagles and many more species.